HTA is multi-disciplinary field of policy analysis that examines the medical, economic, social and ethical implications of the incremental value, diffusion and use of a health technology in health care.
The term Health Technology refers to application of organised knowledge and skills in the form of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health problem and improve quality of life.
Finding the equilibrium between raising demand for healthcare services and increasing cost containment pressures needed to guarantee the sustainability is the main challenge of healthcare systems around the world. In this context, health economic studies provide information to decision makers for efficient use of available resources for maximizing health benefits. Economic evaluation is one part of […]
The need for a briefing document on Health Technology Assessment (HTA) arose during the course of 2016 when the European Commission launched the initiative “Strengthening EU cooperation on Health Technology Assessment”1. The initiative included a public consultation, an impact assessment and study that together would inform the drafting of a legislative proposal2. The European Patients’ Forum […]
Retinitis pigmentosa is an eye disease people are born with. People who have it slowly lose their vision. The Argus II retinal implant is the only treatment approved by Health Canada for retinitis pigmentosa. A device is implanted in a patient’s eye, and it works with a special set of glasses to restore some vision to […]
Aims and Scope The first research question submitted to KCE concerned the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of the provision of publicly accessible automated external defibrillators (AED) intended for opportunistic use by bystanders who witness a cardiac arrest. The report focuses on the use of AEDs as a standalone intervention, i.e. not incorporated into a coordinated public access defibrillation (PAD) programme (see section […]
Objectives: This study provides an overview of the Republic of Serbia healthcare system and describes the process of developing and conducting health technology assessment (HTA). Methods: The authors performed pragmatic, nonsystematic literature review based on available statistical data, legislation, and studies. Results: Healthcare law creates conditions that allow implementation of the principle “value for money.” The […]
Publication of titles and references of harmonised standards under Union harmonisation legislation
The future promises many technological advances in the field of heart valve interventions, like tissue-engineered heart valves (TEHV). Prior to introduction in clinical practice, it is essential to perform early health technology assessment. We aim to develop a conceptual model (CM) that can be used to investigate the performance and costs requirements for TEHV to become cost-effective.
The opportunity cost of inappropriate health policy decisions is greater in Central and Eastern European (CEE) compared with Western European (WE) countries because of poorer population health and more limited healthcare resources. Application of health technology assessment (HTA) prior to healthcare financing decisions can improve the allocative efficiency of scarce resources. However, few CEE countries have a clear roadmap […]
Research Questions: What is the clinical effectiveness and safety of the Perceval S sutureless valve for patients requiring aortic valve replacement? What is the cost-effectiveness of the Perceval S sutureless valve for patients requiring aortic valve replacement? Key Findings: Based on preliminary results from single-arm studies and small non-randomized comparisons with alternative methods for valve replacement, […]
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic progressive lung disease characterised by non-reversible airflow obstruction. Exacerbations are a key cause of morbidity and mortality and place a considerable burden on health-care systems. While there is evidence that patients benefit from non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in hospital during an acute exacerbation, evidence supporting home use for more stable COPD patients is […]