HTA is multi-disciplinary field of policy analysis that examines the medical, economic, social and ethical implications of the incremental value, diffusion and use of a health technology in health care.
The term Health Technology refers to application of organised knowledge and skills in the form of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health problem and improve quality of life.
This Health Technology Assessment report summarises current evidence supporting the use of percutaneous heart valves in degenerative aortic valve and congenital pulmonary outflow tract disease, as compared to conservative medical therapy or traditional surgical valve replacement. Percutaneous aortic valve insertion has been reported since 2002 for the treatment of calcific aortic valve stenosis in elderly patients considered to be at unacceptably […]
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is defined as a natural death due to cardiac causes, heralded by an abrupt loss of consciousness within one hour of the onset of acute symptoms. It is mostly initiated by a sudden inappropriate and extreme increase in heart rate (typically more than 200/min), eventually leading to a mechanical arrest of the […]
The objective of this health technology policy assessment was to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of using implantable ventricular assist devices in the treatment of end-stage heart failure. Heart failure is a complex syndrome that impairs the ability of the heart to maintain adequate blood circulation, resulting in multiorgan abnormalities and, eventually, death. In the period of 1994 […]
The Medical Advisory Secretariat undertook a review of the evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of computer assisted hip and knee arthroplasty. The two computer assisted arthroplasty systems that are the topics of this review are (1) navigation and (2) robotic-assisted hip and knee arthroplasty. Computer-assisted arthroplasty consists of navigation and robotic systems. Surgical navigation is a visualization system that […]
Patients suffering from finger joint pain or dysfunction due to arthritis and traumatic injury may require arthroplasty and joint replacement. This intervention is indicated for the finger joints when medical management has failed to relieve the pain or when the digit deformity is interfering with hand function and activities of daily living (ADL). Surgical procedures can greatly improve function […]
Heart failure is a complex syndrome that arises when the heart is incapable of pumping enough blood to respond to the metabolic needs of the body. Heart failure is often caused by defective contraction and relaxation of the myocardium, accompanied by elevated cardiac filling pressure. It represents the final stage of a number of cardiovascular diseases. […]